Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries differ in severity from mild to severe.  Mild traumatic brain injury is often referred to as a concussion. The severity of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is determined by the degree of force and extent of penetration to the head and skull. Symptoms that help identify the severity of TBI include the extent of a retrograde or post traumatic amnesia, Glasgow Coma Score and Rancho Levels of Cognitive Functioning.  Refer to following links for additional information.

For addtional information on concussion and brain injury visit and

Educational Information of brain training and neuroplasticity: visit website.

Alzheimer Disease and Related Disorders  

There are new labels and diagnostic criteria that are being used to describe the problems with cognitive functioning and behavior that defined Alzheimer disease and related conditions.  The new labels are major neurocognitive disorder and mild neurocognitive disorder.  Diagnostic criteria are used to first identify the presence and severity of the neurocognitive disorder, and then more specifically identify the type of disorder.  The most common neurocognitive disorder is Alzheimer Disease, followed by Lewy Body or Vascular disease.  Other types of neurocognitive disorders include Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Traumatic Brain Injury, Parkinsons Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Huntington's Disease, Wernicke -Korsakoff Syndrome.  Refer to the links listed below for additional information. For additional information visit the Alzheimer's Association.